Posted in English Language, Grammar in English Language, Home, Uncategorized

Causative & So, Too, Neither dan Either

Causative

CAUSATIVE

Causatif struktur menunjukkan bahwa satu hal atau orang menyebabkan hal atau orang lain untuk melakukan sesuatu atau menjadi sesuatu .

1. Causative make,

(Memaksa seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatu)

Rumus: S + C. make / made + pronoun(someone)/something + Verb

Contoh:
– Karmila makes her daughter buy something
– I made the machine work

2. Causative get,

(Meyakinkan atau menipu seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatu)

Rumus : S + C. get + pronoun (someone) + infinitive (to)

Contoh: Ana gets siti to clean the room

Rumus : S + C.got + something + participle (V3)

Contoh : Maria got the car repaired

3. Causative has/have,

(Memberikan seseorang tanggung jawab untuk melakukan sesuatu)

Rumus : S + C.has/have/had + pronoun (someone) + Verb

Contoh : Leni has Mr.Kadir sweep the floor


Rumus : S +Chas/have/had + something + participle (V3)

Contoh: Bonar has motorbike painted

Note: Causative get dan have mengunakan participle (V3)


 4. Causative let,

( Memungkinkan seseorang melakukan sesuatu )

Rumus: S + C. Let + Pronoun (someone)/ something +Verb

Contoh:
– Sonia lets him draw her
– I am letting the machine cool

5. Causative help,

Rumus : S + C.help + someone + Verb/Infinitive (to)

Contoh: Karin helps his friend to type the letters

Note :
Selain Causative di atas terdapat causative verb yang lain seperti : allow, enable, keep, hold, force, require, persuade.

1. Kalimat positif (mengunakan so and too)

Rumus :

S + Aux (+) + too
So + Aux (+) + S

Contoh :
– Mira works very hard today and Santi does too.
– Mira works very hard today and so do I

2. Kalimat negative ( mengunakan neither and either)

Rumus :

Neither + Aux (+) + S
S + aux (-) + either

Contoh :
– She hadn’t gone to Bali and neither had I
– She hadn’t gone to Bali and I hadn’t either

Note :

Kata kerja (the verb) setelah kata “ So”, ” Too” atau “ Neither”, “Either” berubah tergantung pada tense dari kata kerja dalam kalimat pertama. Contoh nya adalah pengunaan kata “ So do I”. Pengunaan kata “ do” setelah kata So dilakukan karena kalimat pertama adalah di masa sekarang (Simple present tense).

Keterangan :

• S = Subject / Orang ( I, You, She, He, It, We, They atau nama orang)
• V1 (Verb 1) = Kata kerja I/ Infinitive
• V2 (Verb 2) = Kata kerja ke II / Past tense
• V3 (Verb 3) = Kata kerja ke III / Past Principle
• Aux (+) = Kalimat positif
• Aux (-)  = Kalimat negatif

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Author:

Welcome to Witaworld! A Blog about travel, foods, Arts, Love&Life Quotes etc. It's all about Mylife, MyAdventure and Myexperiece. I love traveling, visiting new place and love food off course and in this blog I highlight most about it. Hope you enjoy it and please leave comment and like it...^-^ Cheers, AG

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